Amiga Unix Wiki

Because AmigaOS just isn't obscure enough today!

User Tools

Site Tools


history

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
history [2018/08/31 18:20]
wiki_admin
history [2022/05/06 17:53] (current)
wiki_admin added 3000UX brochure thumbnails
Line 1: Line 1:
 ===== History ===== ===== History =====
 +
 +Amix was not the first time Commodore attempted to build a Unix machine. Between 1983 and 1985, Commodore prototyped a Z8000-based machine called [[http://www.floodgap.com/retrobits/ckb/secret/900.html|the Commodore 900]] running Mark Williams' SVR4 UNIX clone 'Coherent' (v0.7.3). It was housed a case very much ressembling the Amiga 2000's. The machine was produced in small numbers as prototypes and developer machines relased in Europe only. Approximately 500 units were produced, with very few remaining working today. The 900 was canceled amid the purchase of Amiga during 1985.
  
 One of the first public demonstrations of Amiga Unix was at the 1988 Uniforum Conference in Dallas, TX. The prototype machine, Amiga 3500, housed in a Commodore PC60-III tower case was demonstrated at the Business Computing Show in 1991 and finally launched as the slightly re-configured Amiga 3000T in october 1991. One of the first public demonstrations of Amiga Unix was at the 1988 Uniforum Conference in Dallas, TX. The prototype machine, Amiga 3500, housed in a Commodore PC60-III tower case was demonstrated at the Business Computing Show in 1991 and finally launched as the slightly re-configured Amiga 3000T in october 1991.
  
-{{ :borntorun.jpeg?direct&400|}} +---- 
-The A3000UX was also sold for universities and students. The machines were generally well-received and liked by students and staff. In some universities students were required to buy required hardware and after the end of support for Amix, later on after the demise of Commodore, universities were in serious trouble finding spares to support students who had bought Amigas. In some cases universities were forced to buy machines back from their graduated students! (Thanks to Pentad on Amiga.org forums).+{{ ::a3000ux_born_to_run_unix_svr4_thumbnail.jpg?nolink |}} 
 +\\ {{:a3000ux_born_to_run_unix_svr4.pdf|Commodore Amiga 3000UX - Born To Run Unix SVR4}} 
 +\\ **WANTED**: a higher quality scan of this - please contact us if you can provide one! 
 +---- 
 + 
 +The A3000UX was also sold for universities and students. The machines were generally well-received and liked by students and staff. In some universities students were required to buy required hardware and after the end of support for Amix, later on after the demise of Commodore, universities were in serious trouble finding spares to support students who had bought Amigas. In some cases universities were forced to buy machines back from their graduated students! (Thanks to [[https://forum.amiga.org/index.php?topic=51477.msg543194#msg543194|Pentad on Amiga.org forums]] for this info)
 + 
 +Amix was sold only for a couple of years and it's support was dropped already before Commodore's bankruptcy in 1994. Rumour has it that the last (and at the time only!) Amix support engineer was fired in 1993.  
 + 
 +{{ :borntorun.jpeg?direct&300|}}Like several other UNIX packages of the early 1990's, Amix never managed to grab wide user base and partly due to the limited hardware support. Unlike [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A/UX|Apple's A/UX]], Amix didn't have any compatiblity layer to allow running AmigaOS applications. It also didn't make use of the Amiga's graphic and sound capabilities, the parts of the hardware that made Amiga itself special at the time. Also Amix's only supported CPUs (68020/68030) were underpowered and not competetively priced compared to the competing Unix workstations. Around the same time, there was also [[http://atariunix.com|Atari System V]], which also was an SVR4 port to the Atari TT 030 Workstation. Much like Amix, it had a "brief spark of life around 1991-92 and died shortly after"
 + 
 +There were talks of Sun Microsystems selling Amiga Unix machines (the prototype Amiga 3500) as a low-end Unix workstations under their brand, making Commodore their OEM manufacturer. This deal was let down by Commodore's Mehdi Ali, not once but twice and finally Sun gave up their interest.
  
-Amix was sold for only a couple of years and it's support was dropped already before Commodore's bankruptcy in 1994. Rumour has it that the last (at the time only!) Amix support engineer was fired in 1993. Like several other UNIX packages of the early 1990's, Amix never managed to grab wide user base and partly due to the limited hardware support. Unlike Apple's A/UX, Amix didn't have any compatiblity layer to allow running AmigaOS applications under Unix. It also didn't make much use of the Amiga's graphic and sound capabilities, the parts of the hardware that made Amiga itself any special at the time. Also Amix's only supported CPUs (68020/68030) were underpowered and not competetively priced compared to the competing Unix workstations.+===== Personnel =====
  
-In the early days of Amix there were talks of Sun Microsystems selling Amiga Unix machines (the prototype Amiga 3500as a low-end Unix workstations under their brand, making Commodore their OEM manufacturer. This deal was let down by Commodore's Mehdi Ali, not once but twice and finally Sun gave up their interest.+Lead developer of Amix (/Unix SVR4 port and distribution for Amiga computerswas **Michael Ditto**, having the title of //Unix Systems Software Architect// at Commodore in 1988-1991.
  
-Lead developer of Unix SVR4 port and distribution for Amiga computers was Michael Ditto (Unix Systems Software Architect at Commodore 1988-1991).+//Unix Technical Support Specialist// at CATS was **David Miller** (mentioned in the Amiga Developer docs).
  
 ---- ----
Line 16: Line 29:
 ===== Reviews ===== ===== Reviews =====
  
-{{:1990_12_byte_15-13_a3000ux_review.jpg?direct&200 |}}+{{:1990_12_byte_15-13_a3000ux_review.jpg?direct&200 |}} \\
 The December 1990 issue of Byte magazine featured an article on the Amiga 3000UX with Amiga Unix. The Amiga is praised for it's complete package, and it is favoured above a NeXT, Mac or even a 386 PC. The December 1990 issue of Byte magazine featured an article on the Amiga 3000UX with Amiga Unix. The Amiga is praised for it's complete package, and it is favoured above a NeXT, Mac or even a 386 PC.
  
Line 22: Line 35:
  
 {{ :more_than_a_toy_but_no_bargain.pdf |}} {{ :more_than_a_toy_but_no_bargain.pdf |}}
-UNIX World December 1991 Review+UNIX World December 1991 Review. \\ 
 +//"Commodore hasn't given us a convincing reason as to why it put UNIX on the Amiga"//
  
 ---- ----
  
 ===== Special features of Amiga UNIX ===== ===== Special features of Amiga UNIX =====
-(From "Using Amiga UNIX" manual)+//(Excerpt from the "Using Amiga UNIX" manual)//
  
 Your Amiga UNIX System is a complete version of AT&T's UNIX System V Release 4.0 (Release 4) and provides all the features of that operating system. However, Amiga UNIX is more than just Release 4; it combines elements from several sources: Your Amiga UNIX System is a complete version of AT&T's UNIX System V Release 4.0 (Release 4) and provides all the features of that operating system. However, Amiga UNIX is more than just Release 4; it combines elements from several sources:
Line 66: Line 80:
  
 Amiga programs and utilities that are not available on any other system are in the following directories: Amiga programs and utilities that are not available on any other system are in the following directories:
-/usr/amiga/bin +  * /usr/amiga/bin 
-/usr/amiga/etc +  /usr/amiga/etc 
-/usr/amiga/lib/kmap +  /usr/amiga/lib/kmap 
-/usr/amiga/lib/font +  /usr/amiga/lib/font 
-/usr/public/bin+  /usr/public/bin
  
-**Some of the special Amiga UNIX commands** +<table label> 
- +<caption>Some of the special Amiga UNIX commands</caption> 
-**A2024** linked to true or flase to allow or disable high resolution +|A2024|linked to true or flase to allow or disable high resolution| 
- +|amixadmAmiga Unix System Administration tool| 
-**amixadm** Amiga Unix System Administration tool +|amixpkgsystem packages installer| 
- +|colorset or show screen color| 
-**amixpkg** system packages installer +|fdfmtformat a floppy disk| 
- +|getscrdefine and create a virtual screen| 
-**color** set or show screen color +|passwdallset/erase all system account passwords| 
- +|rdbset/show hard disk partitions| 
-**fdfmt** format a floppy disk +|siocset/display keymap, font and screen size
- +</table>
-**getscr** define and create a virtual screen +
- +
-**passwdall** set/erase all system account passwords +
- +
-**rdb** set/show hard disk partitions +
- +
-**sioc** set/display keymap, font and screen size+
  
 ---- ----
 +{{ :3button_mouse_with_logo.jpg?nolink&200|}}
 +===== Sources and links =====
 +  * [[https://bboah.com|Big Book of Amiga Hardware]]
 +  * [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amiga_Unix|Wikipedia article of Amiga Unix]]
 +  * [[https://www.commodore.ca|Commodore.ca]]
  
-//Sources:// 
-  * Big Book of Amiga Hardware 
-  * Wikipedia article of Amiga Unix 
-  * Amiga History Guide 
-  * Commodore.ca 
history.1535732434.txt.gz · Last modified: 2021/09/19 17:59 (external edit)